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Mausoleum of Samanids | Bukhara Sights & Museums Guide

A bit far from Lyabi Khauz and Kalon complex closer to the big local bazaar of Bukhara there is a small wonder of architecture called “The Mausoleum of Samanids”. The mausoleum was founded by Ismail who was the founder of the dynasty of Samanids in the end of 9th beginning of 10th centuries. This oldest monument of Bukhara has been conserved in its original form. Neither time nor invaders could do any damage to it.

Image result for samanid mausoleum

Image result for samanid mausoleum



This interesting monument was erected as the burial place for the father of Ismail Samanid but later-on it has received the tombs of 3 other members of the same dynasty.

The mausoleum is important for being the first mausoleum of Islamic Architecture in all Central Asia and for being the only construction of Samanid period. Moreover, the mausoleum had been built by advanced professionals of their times who could build a construction which would overcome lots of destructive earthquakes. The biggest architects and mathematicians of their times al-Khorezmi and al-Fergani were the creators of the perfect architectural model of the mausoleum. According to scientists, the architects used very simple but original products for construction: bricks, water, yellow of eggs and milk of camel.

Due to the spiritual and historical importance of the mausoleum lots of local people wanted to be buried close to it. Because of that, in a very short period of time the place around the mausoleum became a big graveyard. In 1934 the Soviet Archaeologist Shishkin led archaeological researches. During these researches all tombs around the mausoleum of Samanids have been replaced in another cemetery and the place have been called the park of Kirov.

The mausoleum can also be called as a monument of tolerance because the decorations of the monument include some elements of 3 different religions:

  • The dome, minarets and the geometrical shape is proper to Muslim religion; the cubic form is the symbol of the “Kaaba (the sacred place of Muslims in Mecca)” and the dome represents the sky;
  • Lots of circular and rectangular brick forms are taken from Zoroastrian belief; for Zoroastrians the Circle was the symbol of the sun and  the sun was accepted as the image of the God;
  • There are  identical facades and each façade has 2 square form medallions which are the symbols of “Continuity of Life” in Buddhism;



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