Chilpik Kala is an amazing site and one of the most known Zoroastrian Heritage sites in Uzbekistan. The construction is situated about forty kilometers far from the city of Nukus, on the main road to Turtkul and Khiva. About two kilometer drive from the road can bring you closer to this ancient citadel.
Chilpik is a built on 35 meter high hill. The circular high wall of Chilpik has about 65 meter of diameter. Climbing the citadel is really worth and it rewards you with a beautiful panoramic view of the Amu Darya River.
The construction was built in the first century Before Christ and was reconstructed twice: in the 7th-8th centuries and in the 9th-10th centuries.
During excavation archaeologists have found lots of ossuaries and it helps us make a conclusion that it was one of the Zoroastrian “Towers of Silence” which was used for burial ceremonies of the Zoroastrians. Zoroastrians did not bury the dead bodies and put them on high hills or on Towers of Silence. They let birds and animals eat the body until only the bones remain. Then they put the bones into ossuaries and place the ossuaries in Zoroastrian temples or towers of Silence.
Now these ossuaries are exposed in the history museums of Tashkent and Nukus.