The holiday is directly associated with the Zoroastrian religion and it is celebrated minimum since 8-7th centuries B.C. when the first monotheist religion of humanity – Zoroastrian religion was founded. Navruz, can logically be a New Year day or the beginning of a New Year because it is celebrated on March 21 when the number of daylight hours equals to the number of nighttime hours. Besides, it is the period when people start working in the fields and it is the time when the nature wakes up.
Navruz is still celebrated in over 20 countries of the world and a few places like Central Asia (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan) , Iran and Azerbaijan it is still one of the national holidays of the county.
Oriental Santa Claus
In Iran traditionally during Navruw Feast special people called “Amu Nawruz” walk in the streets, with a walking stick, silver hair sharing joy to the people. Amu Nawruz can be called as a Persian version of Santa Claus.
Nawruz is secular festivity and does not have any religious ceremonies. Nawruz encourages people to start the New Year with as much joy and as much happiness as possible. Due to that the Nawruz table is supposed to be rich and colorful. It is the day when people in different parts of the world cook similar meals. The traditional Nawruz table includes: Baklava, vegetable samsa, dolma (meat, rice and vegetables rolled in grape leaves), Plov and sumalak.
Sumalak the Main Delicacy of Navruz
Sumalak is the culmination of Navruz. Sumalak is cooked in Central Asia and in Iran. The preparation is similar everywhere but they are called with different names in different places. The Uzbeks and Tajiks call it Sumalak, Azerbaijanis and Iranians call Samanu and Samanak.
Sumalak is a thick, delicious paste which is prepared by boiling the young plant of wheat with water and a little flour (3% of all). Boiling process takes about 10-14 hours. Full process of preparation of sumalak (together with preparation of wheat) takes about 7 days.
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