Uzbekistan is a little known country in vast Central Asia which borders to 5 different countries of the region: Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Afghanistan. Thank to its nature, geographic location and rich cultural heritage Uzbekistan is the most visited among all STAN countries.
Most of Uzbekistan is covered with dry deserted lands and some mountains. Uzbekistan used to have 2 deserts – Kyzylkum and Karakum and now the country has a new-young-desert which is called the Aral Desert. Aral Desert is formed on the territory of the Aral Sea which is now disappearing. The disappearance of the Aral Sea is likely to complicate the existing shortage of water in the country. Simply, most of the ecological problems of Uzbekistan are directly connected with the Aral Sea.
The climate of Uzbekistan is dry which can be explained with the quantity of the deserted-waterless areas in Uzbekistan. Even if Uzbekistan has over 500 streams bringing the mountain water to the valleys anyway these waters disappear rapidly due to huge quantity of irrigation and evaporation. The average temperature in winter is −2 °C (28 °F) and the summers register over 40 °C (104 °F). Due to weather matters the most enjoyable time to visit Uzbekistan is Spring and Autumn months namely, April-May and September-October are the busiest travel months of Uzbekistan.
All 12 regions and 1 autonomous region of Uzbekistan have their water supply from mainly 3 major rivers which are the Amu Darya, the Sir Darya and the Zarafshan river.
The vegetation of Uzbekistan varies a lot according to the environment and altitude. One can split the vegetation of Uzbekistan into 3 different categories: 1. Mountain area vegetation. 2. Desert and steppes areas vegetation. 3. Plain area vegetation. The forest areas occupy less than 10 percent of the territory of Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan Area Facts
Area - 447,400 km²;
water: 22,000 km², land: 425,400 km²;
The territory is smaller than Spain and a bit larger than California;
Coastline – 0 km
With Liechtenstein Uzbekistan is the second country of the world which needs to pass through minimum 2 other countries for having an access to the open sea;
Uzbekistan stretches about 930 km from the north to the south and 1425 km from the west to the east;
Uzbekistan is geographically 57th largest country of the world;
Total borders with neighboring countries – 6893km;
Highest and lowest points of Uzbekistan are 4301 (Adelunga Mountain) and -12 (lake Sariqamish) respectively;
Precipitation – 220 milimeters of rainfall yearly;
Natural resources of Uzbekistan – gas, coal, gold, uranium, silver, zinc…;
Arable land: 9.61%, other: 89.58% (2011);